_109341400_mediaitem109341398 Turkey Syria offensive: Russia deploys troops to framePicture copyright

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Russia has steadily constructed up its navy presence in Syria

Russian forces have begun to deploy in direction of the Turkey-Syria border, as a part of deal to take away Kurdish troops.

Models had been seen crossing the Euphrates heading in direction of the town of Kobane.

Beneath the deal agreed by Russia and Turkey, Russian and Syrian forces will take away Kurdish fighters from a big stretch of the border.

Turkish troops will proceed to regulate an space they took throughout a latest offensive towards the Kurdish fighters, whom Turkey regards as terrorists.

A part of Turkey’s plan can also be to create a “protected zone” alongside the border that can home some two million of the Syrian refugees it hosts.

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The Turkish offensive started after the US introduced a sudden and surprising withdrawal of its troops from northern Syria. The US troops had been supporting the Kurdish fighters, who’ve been allies within the combat towards the Islamic State (IS) group within the area.

What is the newest on the bottom?

Russian forces crossed the Euphrates at midday (09:00 GMT) and “superior in direction of the Syrian-Turkish border”, Russian media mentioned, quoting the nation’s defence ministry.

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The Euphrates close to Kobane. Russian and Syrian forces will enter an extended border space

A convoy of navy police has arrived in Kobane, the ministry mentioned.

The timing matches with what was agreed within the deal negotiated by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russia’s Vladimir Putin within the Black Sea resort of Sochi on Tuesday.

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At midday, Russian and Syrian forces had been to maneuver in to supervise the Kurdish pullback in an space from the Euphrates, simply east of the town of Manbij, proper as much as the Iraqi border within the east.

Nonetheless, this is able to not embrace the world between the cities of Ras al-Ain and Tal Abyad which is now underneath management of the Turkish navy. Beneath the deal, the Turks will retain management there. Turkey’s navy says the US has instructed it that each one Kurdish fighters have now left that space.

It’ll additionally not embrace the world round Qamishli. The memorandum of understanding between Turkey and Russia makes the Kurdish-majority metropolis an exception however provides no particulars as to why.

What else is within the deal?

Kurdish fighters have been given 150 hours from midday on Wednesday to drag again 30km (18 miles) alongside the border.

Turkey’s Syria offensive defined in 4 maps
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After the deadline expires on 29 October, Turkish and Russian troops will start joint patrols in areas described as “within the west and the east of the world” of the Turkish offensive.

The assertion from Russia and Turkey additionally says Kurdish forces “will likely be eliminated” from Manbij and the city of Tal Rifat, 50km to the west of Manbij – each of which lie exterior the operation space.

On Wednesday, Russia’s defence ministry mentioned the Syrian authorities would set up 15 border posts with Turkey.

What has been the response to the deal?

Kurdish militias and political leaders have made no touch upon whether or not they’ll conform to the calls for.

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Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov mentioned if the Kurds didn’t retreat, the Syrians and Russians would fall again and go away them to face “the burden of the Turkish military”.

Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad has previously raised concern about international interference in Syria however the Kremlin mentioned he had thanked President Putin and “expressed his full help” for the deal.

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Households have been fleeing within the Syria-Turkey border area

Iran’s international ministry mentioned the settlement was a optimistic step and that it backed any transfer to revive stability within the area.

Nato Secretary-Common Jens Stoltenberg mentioned on Wednesday it was too early to evaluate the deal, and known as for a “actual, negotiated, political resolution in Syria”.

The US ambassador to Nato, Kay Bailey Hutchison, mentioned the US backed Germany’s plan for an internationally managed safety zone within the space, though she mentioned direct US involvement was unlikely.

In Geneva on Wednesday, a Syrian Kurdish man set himself on hearth exterior the HQ of the UN’s refugee company and is being handled for accidents.

How did we get right here?

A US-led coalition relied on Kurdish-led forces to battle IS militants in northern Syria over the previous 4 years, however they’re dominated by the Kurdish Individuals’s Safety Models (YPG) militia, which Turkey sees as a terrorist organisation.

Simply over two weeks in the past President Donald Trump introduced that he could be withdrawing US troops from Syria. Quickly after, Turkey launched an offensive on the Kurds.

Russia stationed troops close to the border over considerations that Syria’s territory was being encroached upon by a international energy.

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Turkey agreed to pause its assault final week on the request of the US to “facilitate the withdrawal of YPG forces from the Turkish-controlled protected zone”.

p07rmcxl Turkey Syria offensive: Russia deploys troops to frame

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Media captionCivilians pelt with potatoes US troops leaving the Kurdish-majority metropolis of Qamishli

The ceasefire largely held, regardless of what US officers described as “some minor skirmishes”.

It had been as a result of expire on Tuesday night however after the newest deal Turkey mentioned there was “no want” to re-launch its offensive.

What has the fee been?

The UN says greater than 176,000 folks, together with virtually 80,000 youngsters, have been displaced previously two weeks in north-east Syria, which is residence to some three million folks.

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Media captionThe BBC’s Aleem Maqbool hears from a grieving mom, a pissed off fighter and fleeing households

Some 120 civilians have been killed within the battle, together with 259 Kurdish fighters, 196 Turkish-backed Syrian rebels and 7 Turkish troopers, in accordance with the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a UK-based monitoring group.

Twenty civilians have additionally been killed in assaults by the YPG on Turkish territory, Turkish officers say.